Advice for Keeping a Healthy Yard

The care you provide to your lawn and landscape at home works in conjunction with the regularly scheduled service programs Eco-Lawn offers.

Keeping Up With Professional Treatments

By implementing these best practices in between Eco-Lawn’s Lawn Care Services, you can help ensure that your yard and landscape remain healthy and beautiful.

Explore These Yard Care Tips, Listed by Topic:

For Additional Information, Contact Eco-Lawn Today:

Contact us for your FREE Lawn Evaluation or call today at 973-838-5545 to find out more.

Lawn Care

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  • Regular fertilization with Eco-Lawn’s well balanced, granular fertilzer is an important component of our Program.
  • Fertilization throughout the year will help your lawn to replenish nutrients and color depleted during the winter, reduce stress caused by drought and heat and develop strong healthy grass roots that survive from year to year.


  • Re-seeding is a great way to promote a thicker lawn and re-establish growth in thinning areas.
  • The best time for this is in late summer through fall.


  • Compaction is caused by hot dry weather, general foot traffic, tree roots or a combination of any of these factors.
  • Aeration loosens compacted soil, increasing its ability to transfer air, water and nutrients to the root system of the grass plant.


  • Understanding the pH level of your yard will help you create an environment most conducive to turf growth.
  • Grass prefers slightly acidic soil, so you can either add lime to decrease the acid level or add sulfur to increase it. If you live in an area where it rains a lot, you might have to lime every year.
  • If a lawn turns yellow, sometimes the culprit is lack of iron.
  • A soil analysis by Eco-Lawn or agriculture extension service will determine what you need.


  • A soft spongy lawn is usually a sign of thatch. Thatch is mostly a layer of plant stems and dead roots caused by improper lawn mowing, improper lawn watering or improper fertilization.
  • A thin layer of thatch – no more than a half inch – actually helps prevent ground compaction and holds moisture in the soil.
  • A thick layer of thatch is detrimental, harboring insects and disease and acts like a sheet of plastic that holds back water, nutrients and air – all the things grass roots need to stay healthy.
  • If you already have thatch problems, call Eco-Lawn for assistance with Power Core Aeration and pH levelbalancing.

Lawn Mowing

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General Mowing Advice

  • Mowing the grass is an important factor in the overall health of your lawn.
  • Generally cut the lawn to a height of 3 inches or even higher in the summer months.
  • Remove only the top 1/3 of the grass plant to shade the roots and encourage a deeper root system.

Mulching Grass Clippings

  • Mulching your grass clippings is an important practice that returns nutrients to the soil.
  • A mulching lawn mower cuts and re-cuts grass clippings into tiny pieces. Because grass clippings are 85 percent water, they decompose quickly, releasing nitrogen and other nutrients that feed the lawn.
  • Scientific Tests have also proven that a thin layer of mulched clippings encourages microbial activity and discourages the development of fungal diseases.

Lawn Watering

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Lawn Watering Techniques

  • Look for early signs of wilt and dehydration to determine when your lawn needs water. Common indicators include a bluish-green color, curling grass blades and footprints that remain on the lawn.
  • Most lawns require about an inch of water per week. If you’re unsure of how long to water, put a mark one inch from the bottom of several plastic containers and spread them around the watering zone. Clock the time it takes to reach the one-inch mark and water for that length of time in the future.
  • Morning is usually the most efficient time for watering your lawn because that is when the least amount of water is lost to evaporation and wind drift.
  • An in-ground irrigation system is an effecient and convenient way to water your lawn.

Mushrooms and Moss

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  • Lots of wet weather often causes the growth of mushrooms, which are a result of decaying organic matter in the soil such as old tree roots and stumps. Mushrooms are not harmful, so you can mow them down if you like.
  • Moss and algae are caused by poor drainage or too much shade. Moss may be controlled by raking, but Eco-Lawn can help you treat these two conditions as well. Ultimately, these problems will continue until the drainage or shade issues are addressed.

Weed and Disease Control

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Lawn and Yard Weeds

  • Weeds are definitely unsightly, but they are also harmful to your yard because they compete with grass and other plants for moisture, nutrients, light and space.
  • To control broadleaf weeds such as dandelion, clover and thistle, we apply a post-emergence herbicide, which is absorbed into the leaves and is circulated down into the root system. However, this doesn’t prevent the seeds from germinating and re-infesting a lawn.
  • Proper fertilization, mowing and irrigation encourage grass to grow-in quickly and prevent weed growth. Eco-Lawn can help you develop a total weed treatment and prevention solution.
  • Crabgrass is a Grassy weed, best controlled in the spring, before the weeds germinate. Germination occurs when the soil is above 58 degrees.
  • While hot dry weather encourages crabgrass, a well-maintained lawn that is properly fertilized, watered and mowed, rarely has crabgrass.
  • Eco-Lawn can provide you with a Pre-emergent Weed Control treatment to prevent weeds like crabgrass from showing up in your lawn.



Lawn and Yard Diseases

  • Discolored and spotted grass leaves may be a sign of disease. Diseases, such as leaf spots, snow mold or spring dead spot, are caused by fungi. The best way to prevent disease is to keep your lawn healthy with proper mowing, watering and fertilizing.
  • Snow mold is a fungus that develops in wet, cool weather and can be destructive under snow or after prolonged rain.
  • Serious Snow mold infection can lead to crown and root rotting, so contacting Eco-Lawn can help prevent widespread lawn damage.
  • While raking matted spots will improve air circulation and encourage lightly infected areas to repair themselves, seriously affected areas require may require reseeding.
  • If you already have dead spots, Eco-Lawn will provide the right treatment to help your lawn recover.

Shrub and Tree Care Tips

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Caring for Your Shrubs and Trees

  • All living things need “food” to survive, including your Shrubs and Trees. Eco-Lawn can help with a well-balanced fertilizer designed just for the needs of your landscape.
  • Insects and mites can cause your plantings to show discoloration and even dieback on branches. However, not all insects are harmful. With this in mind, Eco-Lawn’s Shrub and Tree Care Program strives to keep that natural balance.
  • Pruning is an important part of maintaining a healthy landscape.
    This invigorates the plant and removes dead and diseased woody material which can be an easy entry point for undesirable insects.
  • Watering of your Shrubs and Trees is most important in the late summer and early fall. This is when your plants store water before they are exposed to the cold, damaging winds of winter.
  • Selecting the proper plant for the desired area should take into consideration the hours of sun exposure and the soil conditions.
  • Plants should be spaced properly to allow ample room for growth.
  • Mulching around Shrubs and Trees helps to protect them and improves the soils ability to retain moisture. However, too much mulch can “choke” the plants by reducing oxygen to the root system.
  • Periodically inspecting your plants is a good way to monitor their condition and to determine whether they are under unusual stress. Should something not look quite right, Eco-Lawn would be happy to provide a free assessment and recommendations.

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